Anterior cord syndrome anterior spinal artery. Anterior interosseous syndrome a complex of symptoms caused by a lesion of the anterior interosseous nerve, usually resulting from a fracture or laceration. Anterior spinal artery syndrome localized injury to the anterior portion of the spinal cord, characterized by complete paralysis and hypalgesia and hypesthesia to the level of the lesion, but with relative preservation of posterior column sensations of touch, position, and vibration. Apert's syndrome acrocephalosyndactyly, type i ; an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by acrocephaly and syndactyly, often with other skeletal deformities and mental retardation. Asherman's syndrome persistent amenorrhea and secondary sterility due to intrauterine adhesions and synechiae, usually as a result of uterine curettage. Asperger's syndrome a pervasive developmental disorder resembling autistic disorder, being characterized by severe impairment of social interactions and by restricted interests and behaviors; however, patients are not delayed in development of language, cognitive function, and self-help skills. Barrett's syndrome peptic ulcer of the lower esophagus, often with stricture, due to the presence of columnar-lined epithelium, which may contain functional mucous cells, parietal cells, or chief cells, in the esophagus instead of normal squamous cell epithelium. Bartter syndrome a hereditary form of hyperaldosteronism secondary to hypertrophy and hyperplasia of the juxtaglomerular cells, with normal blood pressure and hypokalemic alkalosis in the absence of edema, increased concentration of renin, angiotensin ii, and bradykinin; usually occurring in children.
Adams-Stokes syndrome episodic cardiac arrest and syncope due to failure of normal and escape pacemakers, with or without ventricular fibrillation; the principal manifestation of severe heart attack. Addisonian syndrome the complex of symptoms resulting from adrenocortical insufficiency; see. Addison's disease, under disease. Adie's syndrome tonic pupil associated with absence or diminution of certain tendon reflexes. Adrenogenital syndrome a group of syndromes in which inappropriate virilism or feminization results from disorders of adrenal function that also affect gonadal steroidogenesis. Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ards) acute respiratory distress. Aec syndrome, hay-wells. Afferent loop syndrome chronic spier partial obstruction of the proximal loop (duodenum and jejunum) after gastrojejunostomy, chronische resulting in duodenal distention, pain, and nausea following ingestion of food. Ahumada-del Castillo syndrome galactorrhea-amenorrhea syndrome with low gonadotropin secretion. Akinetic-rigid syndrome muscular rigidity with varying degrees of slowness of movement; seen in parkinsonism and disorders of the basal ganglia. Alagille syndrome inherited neonatal jaundice, cholestasis with peripheral pulmonic stenosis, unusual facies, and ocular, vertebral, and nervous system abnormalities, due to paucity or absence of intrahepatic bile ducts.
Tooth decay - wikipedia
Syndrome /syndrome/ (sin´drōm) a set of symptoms occurring together; the sum of signs of any morbid state; a symptom complex. See also entries under disease. Aarskog syndrome, aarskog-Scott syndrome a hereditary x-linked condition characterized by ocular hypertelorism, anteverted nostrils, broad artrosis upper lip, peculiar scrotal shawl above the penis, and small hands. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome an epidemic, transmissible retroviral disease caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus, manifested in severe cases as profound depression of cell-mediated immunity, and affecting certain recognized risk groups. Diagnosis is by the presence of a disease indicative of a defect in cell-mediated immunity (e.g., life-threatening opportunistic infection) in the absence of any known causes of underlying immunodeficiency or of any other host defense defects reported to be associated with that disease (e.g., iatrogenic. Acute coronary syndrome a classification encompassing clinical presentations ranging from unstable angina through non, sometimes also including, q wave infarction. Acute radiation syndrome a syndrome caused by exposure to a whole body dose of over 1 gray of ionizing radiation; symptoms, whose severity and time of onset depend on the size of the dose, include erythema, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, diarrhea, petechiae, bleeding from the. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ards) fulminant pulmonary interstitial and alveolar edema, which usually develops within a few days after the initiating trauma, thought to result from alveolar injury that has led to increased capillary permeability. Acute retinal necrosis syndrome necrotizing retinitis with uveitis and other retinal pathology, severe loss of vision, and often retinal detachment; of viral etiology.
Van neck disease : osteochondrosis of the ischiopubic
What makes the pain less or greater? A physical examination includes observing the your posture, range of motion, and physical condition. Any movement generating pain is carefully noted. The physician will palpate or feel the curvature of the spine, vertebral alignment, and detect muscle spasm. The neurological examination tests the patient's reflexes, muscle strength, sensory and/or motor changes, and pain distribution. Radiographic studies may be ordered. An x-ray can reveal narrowing of disc space, fracture, osteophyte formation, and osteoarthritis. Bulging discs and herniations, often responsible for neurologic symptoms, are detected using mri. If nerve damage is suspected, the physician may order a special test to measure how quickly nerves conduct impulses.
Other Disease longontsteking Processes : Although neck pain is commonly caused by strain, prolonged pain and/or neurologic deficit may be an indication of something more serious. These symptoms should not be ignored. Spinal infection, spinal cord compression, tumor, fracture, and other disorders can occur. If head injury has been sustained, more than likely the neck has been affected too. It is wise to seek medical attention promptly. Neck pain diagnosis: Figuring Out What is causing your pain.
Obtaining a proper diagnosis is paramount to determine the best course of treatment for neck pain. You have to know what spinal condition is causing your neck pain before you can know how to treat. The physician will take the your medical history. The oral segment of the examination often includes many questions such as: When did the pain start? What activities preceded the pain? What have you tried to relieve the neck pain? Does the pain radiate or travel into other body parts?
Van, neck s, disease -fact or Fiction?
The body reacts by forming new bone termed osteophytes (bone spurs) that impact joint motion. Spinal stenosis causes the foramen, small neural passageways, to narrow possibly compressing and entrapping nerve roots. Stenosis may cause surinaamse neck, shoulder, and arm pain and numbness when these nerves are unable to function normally. Degenerative disc disease (DDD) can cause the intervertebral discs to become less hydrated, resulting in decreased disc elasticity and height. Over time, a disc may bulge or herniate causing upper extremity pain, tingling, and numbness. Everyday life : poor posture, obesity, and weak abdominal muscles disrupt the spine's balance often causing the neck to bend forward to compensate. Stress and emotional tension can cause muscles to tighten and contract resulting in pain and stiffness.
Cleveland Clinic journal of Medicine
It is capable of moving the head in many directions: 90 of flexion (forward motion 90 of extension (backward motion 180 of rotation (side to side and almost 120 of tilt to either shoulder. Neck pain causes, the causes of neck pain are as varied as the list is long. Consider a few examples: Injury and Accidents : Whiplash is a common injury sustained during an auto accident. This is typically termed a hyperextension and/or hyperflexion injury because the head is forced to move backward and/or forward rapidly beyond the neck's normal range of motion. The unnatural and forceful movement affects the muscles and ligaments in the neck. Muscles react by tightening and contracting creating muscle fatigue resulting in pain and stiffness. Growing Older : Degenerative disorders such as osteoarthritis, spinal stenosis, and degenerative disc disease are known to affect the spine. Osteoarthritis is a common joint herstellen disorder causing progressive deterioration of cartilage.
Although neck pain is pijn commonly caused by strain, prolonged pain may be an indication of something more serious. Quick cervical Spine Anatomy lesson, this complex structure includes 7 small vertebrae, intervertebral discs to absorb shock, joints, the spinal cord, 8 nerve roots, vascular elements, 32 muscles, and ligaments. The nerve roots stem from the spinal cord like tree branches through foramen in the vertebrae. Each nerve root transmits signals (nerve impulses) to and from the brain, shoulders, arms, and chest. A vascular system of 4 arteries and veins run through the neck to circulate blood between the brain and the heart. Joints, muscles, and ligaments facilitate movement and serve to stabilize the structure. Neck mobility is matchless.
van, neck disease or a variation of ischio-pubic synchondrosis
Written by, iain Kalfas, md ; reviewed by, stewart. Eidelson, md, peer reviewed. What is neck pain (cervical pain)? The cervical spine is a marvelous and complex structure. It is capable of supporting a head weighing 15 or more vitamine pounds while moving in several directions. No other region of the spine has such freedom of movement. This combination however, complexity and mobility, make the neck susceptible to pain and injury.